It is then possible to remove bark that is up to 6 inches thick. Capsules 5–8 mm long. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 20:1089-1097. Cottonwood’s paintability rating falls in the middle range when compared to other hardwoods. BASSMAN, J.H., and J.C. ZWIER. A leaf rust (Melampsora sp.) Manual of Montana Vascular Plants. Stand Management Diameter growth of black cottonwood is very responsive to increased growing space. The soft bark of the cottonwood makes it an excellent material for birds and other animals to drill nest sites and hunt insects. long. Black cottonwood is a large deciduous tree belonging to the willow family (Salicaceae). Burns and B.H. SWAN. See eastern cottonwood for description. Cottonwood regeneration is common after logging on more upland sites in northern Washington. Hibbs. long; female catkins are 3 to 8 in. Much of the precipitation may fall as snow. other types of soil disturbance. The trunk may reach four feet in diameter and the bark is deeply grooved on old trees. We harvest black cottonwood bark. 1993. https://www.fs.fed.us/database/feis/plants/tree/popbalt/all.html + 7 S 0 P O N S O A R P A 7 E E D -1 -1 U J -1 0 F J -1 -1 Hand Carved Black Cottonwood Bark Carving of … Management should target a spacing regime that produces optimal growth, while maintaining benefits of crowding in young cottonwood stands. These scientific names are now considered synonymous with P. trichocarpa: Ewing, Susan. Most of the interest in the productivity of managed stands is focused on the intensive cultivation of selected clones or hybrids, in which case productivity is quite dependent on the clone under specific conditions. Sixty percent of the total volume (456 MMCF) of black cottonwood is found in the Puget Sound subregion. Characteristics Black cottonwood is a soft, light wood of uniform texture. This beautiful Cottonwood has excellent color variations with amazing fi Moderate crowding produces rapid crown closure (2 to 4 years), which suppresses competing vegetation and eliminates the need for further vegetation management treatments. STETTLER. Physical properties of black cottonwood and balsam poplar. long when mature, and bear seed in capsulate fruits 0.2 to 0.32 in. Description. Sprouting from roots also occurs. Weight Black cottonwood weighs about 46 lb/ft3 when green and 24/ft3 at 12 percent moisture content (MC). Refe… Younger twigs and branches are smooth, shiny, gray to red-brown to orange. Post. in that time. A leaf rust (Melampsora sp.) 1993. • Often occurs with black cottonwood (Populus trichocarpa) and yellow willow. In late succession, black cottonwood stands typically succeed to conifer forests [2,5,8,18,26,28,32,37,39]. The nail-holding strength of the wood is low. Learn how and when to remove this template message, "Ascending the Giants - Chronicles Of Measuring Champion Trees", "Largest Black Cottonwood Tree in the United States - Marion County, Oregon - Exceptional Trees on Waymarking.com", "Willamette Mission Cottonwood - Oregon Travel Experience", "Black cottonwood 'Willamette Mission Cottonwood' in Willamette Mission State Park in Salem", "Tree's leaves genetically different from its roots", "Somatic mosaicism in Populus trichocarpa leads to evolutionary change", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Populus_trichocarpa&oldid=992704552, Trees of the West Coast of the United States, Plants used in traditional Native American medicine, Articles with unsourced statements from May 2017, Articles needing additional references from November 2019, All articles needing additional references, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Fast growing with dark gray bark. Pulpwood can be grown in 10 to 15 years and sawlogs in 20 to 25 years. Description: A deciduous tree found almost always near water. Seral communities dominated or codominated by cottonwood are maintained by periodic flooding or Pacific Northwest Bulletin PNW 356. Cottonwood Bark. The black cottonwood tree is the largest deciduous tree in the Northwest. Fast & Free shipping on many items! This bark is nice clean cottonwood bark from big trees that we have been lucky enough to locate. 1992. western cottonwood, balsam poplar, balsam cottonwood, California poplar, This information was originally published in Hardwoods of the Pacific Northwest, S.S. Niemiec, G.R. Variation within the species: black cottonwood is most commonly and widely known as the distinct species Populus trichocarpa but is sometimes treated as Populus balsamifera var. R.M. Seeds are numerous and widely dispersed because of their cottony tufts, enabling the species to colonize even burn sites, if Reply. P. trichocarpa has an extensive and aggressive root system, which can invade and damage drainage systems. Germination is epigeal (above ground). 1986. Very shiny. Volume 2, Hardwoods. The leaves are triangular and glossy, with pale veins beneath. Cottonwoods have a high tendency to warp during drying because of tension wood and wet pockets. The leaves are alternate, elliptical with a crenate margin and an acute tip, and reticulate venation (see leaf terminology). P. trichocarpa wood is light-weight and although not particularly strong, is strong for its weight. If you are lucky enough to find cottonwood bark in the thickness needed to carve, by all means harvest yourself some. Advantages of an effective weed control program for Populus hybrids. 1990. While I am speaking specifically about Black Cottonwood which is prolific through out the Western United States, other varieties can be used similarly. In British Columbia, the elevation range extends to nearly 2100 m (7,000 ft) in the interior valleys of the Selkirk Range. The bark comes from trees that have been dead for 5 to 6 years. Even so, post-fire regeneration may be effective and rapid in black cottonwood. Abundant seed crops are usually produced every year. Last measured in April, 2008, this black cottonwood was found to be standing at 155 ft (47 m) tall, 29 ft (8.8 m) around, with 527 points. recently disturbed alluvium. Female catkins 8–15 cm long; stigmas 3. After logging operations, it sometimes regenerates naturally from rooting of partially buried fragments of branches or from stumps. It is also grown as an ornamental tree, valued for its fast growth and scented foliage in spring, detectable from over 100 m distance. ROGERS, D.L., STETTLER, R.F., and P.E. Ahrens, S. Willits, and D.E. The wide range of topics studied by using P. trichocarpa include the effects of ethylene, lignin biosynthesis, drought tolerance, and wood formation. These are native trees up to 30-60 m tall, usually with a straight, branch-free trunk for more than half its length, forming a broad, open crown in open sites; bark gray to gray-brown on mature trees, deeply furrowed into flat ridges on older portions. It is used for timber, and is notable as a model organism in plant biology. The native range of P. trichocarpa covers large sections of western North America. The trunk becomes grey and has deep grooves when it gets older. Botanical Description (Identification): Black cottonwood belongs to the willow family, standing roughly 30-60 m tall; the largest American poplar as well as the largest hardwood tree species in western North America. Distinctive glands are Waxy green leaves that are spade-shaped. Last measured in April, 2008 this black cottonwood was found to be standing at 155 ft (47 m) tall, 29 ft (8.8 m) around, with 527 points. The bark is dark brown but often appears black, and is thick with numerous fissures and burrs. We have found that 1 lb is a nice size for carving wood-spirits or single whimsical cottage or lighthouse. CHASTAGNER. In bending applications, almost 70 percent of the pieces failed. Young bark is light gray and smooth contrasting sharply with the darkened fissures of older bark. Voles and mice cause serious losses on grassy or herbaceous sites. The bark comes from trees that have been dead for 5 to 6 years. Black cottonwood is one of the least durable species when placed in contact with the soil or exposed to the weather. Repeated coppicing is quite successful. Black cottonwood has been successfully sawn into lumber and peeled for veneer. The black hickory pinnate leaves have three pairs of lanceolate leaflets and a single terminal leaf. Average service life of untreated cottonwood posts in ground contact is 4 to 5 years. Even relatively cool fires may wound older trees and open the way to heartwood decay. Stems and branches may bend or break under heavy snow or ice. Winter buds round or slightly angled, about 2 cm long with 6-7 scales, long pointed, orange-brown, very resinous and fragrant (balsam odor); apparently the fragrance is especially pronounced in the spring as the leaves unfold. $34.99. dark colored bark. Black cottonwood is the largest American poplar and the largest hardwood tree in western North America. Black Cottonwood Populus Balsamfirus The poplar species are used around the world for their medicinal properties. extensive stands on bottomlands of major streams and rivers at low elevations along the Pacific Coast, ) high farms ) joy to carve, by all means harvest yourself some components of P. covers... 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