The weapon entered service in February 1915. - Gruppo Artiglieria Pesante "Rovigo", 1° Gr.A.Pe. MGM-5 Corporal missile delivering W7nuclear weapon, 195… However, the ballistic characteristics, propellant charges and shells used were similar for all Mks I–V. These guns were similar to Mark 12, with the same shell weight and maximum range, with the smaller chamber of the Mark 14 gun. Italy - 9° Gr.A.Pe. 3A2, and M1. Specifications Length - 117 inches Weight - 7056 Pounds Bore Diameter - 8 inches Range - 2600 yards Spherical-case Shot Weight - 52 pounds Shell Weight - 52.75 pounds Grape Weight - 53.25 pounds Canister Weight - 50 pounds Powder Charge - 4 - 8 pounds Marker 2 These "shell guns" were some of the most effective cannons to fall into Southern hands. Like the British BL 8 inch Howitzer of the First World War (and most other large artillery), the M115 uses a Welin screw for its breech. here is the Dyer projectile. The range was 25,000 yards, and powder increments were used. [1][4], These simplified built-up guns eliminated hoops to reduce weight to 17 tons. script.setAttribute("src", "//www.npttech.com/advertising.js"); document.getElementsByTagName("head")[0].appendChild(script); Shell: 335 pounds (152 kg) A.P. An 8-inch projectile weighed 200 lbs. 26-04-2012 14:03:34 ZULU, Dual-Purpose Improved Conventional Munition (DPICM), Projectile, 8-Inch: High-Explosive Rocket-Assisted, M650, 8-inch cargo projectile; Anti-Personnel Improved Conventional Munition (APICM), 8-inch VX (methylphosphonothioic acid) gas projectile, 8-inch HERA projectile; rocket motor ignites following discharge from the cannon and extends the effective range of the cannon. PP= 8.6 inch/21.844cm and EFF= 7.6 inch/19.304cm. CONFEDERATE SPHERICAL 8" MORTAR PROJECTILE SHELL. The M107 can be fired more than 13 miles and on detonation it produces approximately 1,950 fragments. It was uncertain, striped its lead sabot, and was, in nearly all respects, inferior to that of Schenkl, which, was more certain, and gave about 10 per cent increase in range. The Mark I–V had many relatively minor differences in the carriages and trails and Mk IV, Mk VI and QF Mk II 6-inch naval gun barrels were used. The 8-inch howitzer was … var script = document.createElement("script"); I believe the piece required over a dozen men to operate, four were required to load a shell. The 8-inch gun M1 was a 203 mm towed heavy gun developed in the United States. A down-swing Welin breech block was closed by compressed air from the gas ejector system. Acquired projectile in 1984. The W33 was an American nuclear artillery shell, fired from an eight-inch (203 mm) M110 howitzer and M115 howitzer.. A total of 2,000 W33 projectiles were produced, the first of which was manufactured in 1957. See Also. Weight (pounds) 11705 lbs; Range (yards) 10300 yards; Rate of Fire (RPM) 2 rpm; Used mainly for counter-battery fire, and requiring 8 to 12 horses to transport it, the 60-pounder was a heavy duty piece of kit. The rise of armored forces in World War II led to the need for artillery that could follow the tanks cross country. script.setAttribute("async", true); It was also used in small numbers by the British Army . As the USN test ship for this weapon from 1975 to 1979, the USS Hull (DD-945) was the only destroyer ever to mount an 8" (20.3 cm) cannon. 1-3/4 inch wall thickness. [1][6][7] This gun was modified for the experimental Major Caliber Lightweight Gun. var setNptTechAdblockerCookie = function(adblocker) { The M55 was the largest US Army mechanized artillery piece in service in the 1950s. } PD, M557. Delivery systems include, in approximate order of development: 1. At 32,584 m (35,635 yd), it had the longest range of any US Army field artillery weapon in World War II . 2) damaged in a kamikaze attack on January 5, 1945 was removed and taken to the Nevada Test Site and converted into a rotating radiation detector, to collect data on nuclear tests. See more ideas about artillery, military, vietnam war. Condition: Excellent, excavated.The iron is stable and may have been very lightly clear coated years ago. The W33 remained in service until 1992. M65 Atomic Cannon delivering 280mm W9 and W19nuclear shells, 1953 3. These were the first USN 8" (20.3 cm) guns to use separate rather than bag ammunition. The 260 lb shell at 2,166fps has 8,466.3496 Foot/Tons! Maximum range was 30,050 yd (27,480 m) at the maximum elevation of 41 degrees.[5]. The 8"/55 caliber gun (spoken "eight-inch-fifty-five-caliber") formed the main battery of United States Navy heavy cruisers and two early aircraft carriers. - Allievi Ufficiali di Complemento a Traino Meccanico Proximity, M732. In January 1975, Livermore was assigned the task of developing a new nuclear artillery shell warhead, the W79, for the Army's 8- inch howitzers. British 9.2-inch (Mark I) Howitzer Features: Length (ft/in) 11 ft 15 in; Weight (pounds) 25906 lbs; Range (yards) 10,000 yards [5] Useful life expectancy was 715 effective full charges (EFC) per liner. 4.5-inch ordnance rifle (Length of bore, 120 inches; diameter of bore, 4.50 inches; weight of gun, 3,450 pounds) The shot (33 lbs.) The turrets were turned over to the United States Army Coast Artillery Corps and remounted as coastal artillery on Oahu. [1] Range was 18 miles 31,860 yd (29,130 m) at the maximum elevation of 41 degrees. The idea behind a gun that could fire spherical exploding shells but not solid armour-piercing shot was that large projectiles capable of carrying a large explosive filling could be fired from comparatively light guns: the 8-inch 68 pounder gun intended to fire solid shot weighed 95 cwt (4,826 kg) compared to the 65 cwt (3,302 kg) of the typical 8-inch shell gun. page 39 in Owen "The principles and practice of modern artillery". The eight twin turrets of Lexington and Saratoga were removed in early 1942 during refits at Pearl Harbor. While most indicate 147 lbs, some indicate 174 lbs but this is thought to be a typo or transposing of numbers. The … The Shell, H.E., M103, is standard for 8 inch Guns, Mk. One of USS Louisville's main battery 8 inch 55 caliber gun turrets (Turret No. 203mm 8-inch Projectiles The 203mm 8-inch projectiles were fired by the M110 Self Propelled Howitzer, which was designed to be part of a common family of weapons utilising the same chassis components, with the M110 and the M107 Self Propelled 175-mm Gun being essentially the … - Gruppo Artiglieria Pesante "Adige", Gruppo A.U.C.-T.M. As fired the shell weighs 240 pounds and contains a bursting charge of 20.9 pounds of cast TNT which is detonated by a Fuze, P.D., M51A2, Mod. They used three types of ammunition – Common shell (for use against buildings or fortifications), shrapnel shell (for use any Infantry or Cavalry) and case shot (for close range use against 'soft' targets. ↑ "Smooth-bored shell guns from which solid shot cannot be fired are designated by the calibre in inches and the weight of the piece". [15], Weapons of comparable role, performance and era, 8-inch shell info at San Francisco Maritime National Park website, "United States of America 8"/55 (20.3 cm) Marks 9, 10, 11, 13 and 14", "United States of America 8"/55 (20.3 cm) Marks 12 and 15", "United States of America 8"/55RF (20.3 cm) Mark 16", FortWiki article on Battery George Ricker, FortWiki article on Hawaii turret batteries, List of all US coastal forts and batteries, "Mystery in the Desert Is a Mystery No More", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=8%22/55_caliber_gun&oldid=994379669, Short description is different from Wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Mk 9 (later Mk 14) guns in two 190-ton twin turrets, Mk 9 (later Mk 14) guns in three 250-ton triple turrets, Mk 9 guns in three 250-ton triple turrets, Mk 9 (later Mk 14) guns in three 294-ton triple turrets, Mk 9 guns in three 294-ton triple turrets, Mk 9 (later Mk 15) guns in three 294-ton triple turrets, Mk 12 guns in three 250-ton triple turrets, Mk 12 guns in three 314-ton triple turrets, Mk 12 guns in three 300-ton triple turrets, Mk 15 guns in three 300-ton triple turrets, Mk 16 guns in three 450-ton triple turrets, Mk 16 gun in one 86-ton single automatic mount. A total of 5943 rounds were fired between 1 May and 27 July 1953. The warhead used enriched uranium (code named oralloy) as its nuclear fissile material and could be used in two different yield configurations. Weight 14.8 pounds. RML 8-inch 46 cwt howitzer studded common shell diagram 46- and 70 cwt guns differed in number and type of rifling grooves so studded projectiles were only available for 46 cwt guns, and different automatic gas checks were required for studless projectiles. 1 cwt (abbreviation for hundredweight) = 112 pounds = 51 kg. Approximate size: 6-1/2 x 8-1/2 inches. Range was 17 miles (27 kilometers) at the maximum elevation of 41 degrees. Proximity, M732A2, M734E2. These guns were similar to Mark 9, with the same shell weight and maximum range,[4] with a smaller chamber and rifling twist decreased from 1 in 35 to 1 in 25 in a chromium-plated bore. Ignition was through a copper lined vent at the breech end of the gun. appears to … Mar 4, 2017 - Explore Gary Carlson's board "Artillery Unit/ 8" Howitzer" on Pinterest. United States naval gun terminology indicates the gun barrel had an internal diameter of 8 inches (203 mm), and the barrel was 55 calibers long (barrel length is 8 inch × 55 = 440 inches or 36.6 feet or 11 meters). Hazardous Components. A. In its ultimate manifestation, this led to the post-war development of a tracked, fully enclosed, 8-inch howitzer for the US Army. One of the proposed munitions was an extended range guided round that would have been around 90 inches (229 cm) long. (function(src){var a=document.createElement("script");a.type="text/javascript";a.async=true;a.src=src;var b=document.getElementsByTagName("script")[0];b.parentNode.insertBefore(a,b)})("//experience.tinypass.com/xbuilder/experience/load?aid=bYdYZQml5V"); Page last modified: The Marks VI, VII and VIII (6, 7 and 8) were a new design and should not be confused with the stopgap early Marks 1 - 5 of 8-inch howitzer, which used shortened and bored-out naval 6-inch gun barrels. Guns were fired using a silk bag containing a black powder propellant. No information about hazardous components. "Mystery in the Desert Is a Mystery No More". [1] Each gun could fire about ten rounds per minute. Nuclear artillery shells were part of the U. Semi-fixed ammunition (projectile and powder case handled separately) with 78 pounds (35 kg) of smokeless powder gave a 335-pound (152 kg) projectile a velocity of 2500 feet per second (760 m/s). Useful life expectancy was 780 EFC per liner. 3, or Fuze, Mechanical, Time, M67A1. Mks I–IV were no longer repaired from summer 191… Now many of you will be saying “but the Abrams has an effective 1.whatever metre+ defence against Sabot rounds so no way will this 8 inch shell knock it out” What you have to factor in is the IMPACT of large shells. United States developments resulted in nuclear weapons for various artillery systems, after the short-lived M65 Atomic Cannon standard howitzers were used. RML 8 inch howitzer common shell diagram. The weight zone of the projectile is indicated by the number squares and prick punch marks on the ogive of the projectile. With automatic shell handling and loading, a fire rate three times greater than that of previous 8" (20.3 cm) guns and coupled together with the use of "super-heavy" AP projectiles, these weapons made the Des Moines (CA-134) class the most powerful heavy cruisers ever built. 260 pounds (118 kg) H.E. [3], These built-up guns weighed about 30 tons including a liner, tube, jacket, and five hoops. d.setTime(d.getTime() + 60 * 60 * 24 * 2 * 1000); Item: Huge Artillery Fragment from Eight Inch Mortar Shell Construction: Iron Fuzing: Wood drive-fuze adaptor for paper time fuze. Development work was restarted in 1939 which led to standardization the following year as the "8-inch Howitzer M1". Recovered in Charleston South Carolina during dredging operation. Unknown time when dredging operation ensued. The 240mm shell weighed 360 pounds. The weapon was a complete artillery system fielding its powerful 203mm gun tube which was sat upon its elevation (-2 to +65 degrees) and traverse (+60 degrees) hardware. var d = new Date(); This page was last edited on 15 December 2020, at 12:18. Loading with two silk bags each containing 45 pounds (20 kg) of smokeless powder gave a 260-pound (120 kg) projectile a velocity of 2800 feet per second (850 m/s). The 8-inch howitzer fired a 200-pound projectile almost 17 kilometers, plus being the most accurate weapon in the field artillery. Measures over 7 7/8" , Weight: 43.1 lbs. Cannon Bore Diameters Foreign and/or pre-1860 bore and projectile diameters will vary from this table: Caliber designation: Bore diameters in inches document.cookie = "__adblocker=" + (adblocker ? and a 175-mm projectile weighed 147 lbs (Note: there are multiple different sources on the 175-mm projectile weight. [1] Each gun could fire about four rounds per minute. script.setAttribute("onerror", "setNptTechAdblockerCookie(true);"); The complete projectile weighs 43.2 kg, is 800 mm long and contains 15.8% explosive by weight. The carriage was the same as used for the US 155 mm gun and was also adopted by the British for their 7.2 inch howitzer . [11][12][13][14] After the war, all of the guns and turrets were scrapped in 1948, along with almost all other US coast artillery. It is a separate-loading projectile— propellant bags or MACS charges are loaded separately. Designation: Notes: US Army 175mm Artillery Projectiles; Projectile, 8-Inch: Dummy, M14: 8-inch dummy projectile: Projectile, 8-Inch: High-Explosive, M106 ↑ page 42 in Owen "The principles and practice of modern artillery" These self-loading guns with lined monobloc construction and vertical sliding breech blocks weighed about 20 tons. MGR-1 Honest John free flight rocket delivering W7nuclear weapon, 1953 2. document.cookie = "__adblocker=; expires=Thu, 01 Jan 1970 00:00:00 GMT; path=/"; 8 inch was a calibre adopted in the First World War by the British Army.  They are easily identified by their short thick barrel and twin recoil buffersabove the barrel. VI, Mod. The breech mechanism was similar and loading two silk bags each containing 43 pounds (20 kg) of smokeless powder gave a 335-pound (152 kg) projectile a velocity of 2500 feet per second (760 m/s). Four two-turret batteries were established at Salt Lake near Aliamanu Crater (Battery Salt Lake, later Battery Burgess),[8] Wiliwilinui Ridge Military Reservation (Battery Wilridge, later Battery Kirkpatrick),[9] Opaeula Military Reservation (Battery Opaeula, later Battery Riggs),[10] and Brodie Camp Military Reservation (Battery Brodie, later Battery George Ricker). Shell weight: 78–90 kg (172–198 lb) Caliber: 203 mm (8 in) ... German ammunition: 9.6 km (6 mi) The 8-inch mortar M1877 was a Russian 203 mm (8 in) coastal, fortress and siege mortar that was ... an offensive war of rapid maneuver which in a time before mechanization meant a focus on cavalry and light horse artillery firing shrapnel shells. Caliber: 8 inches (200 mm) … "true" : "false") + "; expires=" + d.toUTCString() + "; path=/"; Various artillery systems, after the short-lived M65 Atomic Cannon delivering 280mm W9 and W19nuclear shells, 1953.... Five hoops development of a tracked, fully enclosed, 8-inch howitzer the! About 20 tons ) = 112 pounds = 51 kg buffersabove the barrel kilometers ) at the elevation. To fall into Southern hands ] Each gun could fire about ten rounds per minute transposing numbers. Tube, jacket, and five hoops range was 18 miles 31,860 yd ( 29,130 m ) at maximum. `` Adige '', 1° Gr.A.Pe abbreviation for hundredweight ) = 112 pounds = 51.! Artillery Corps and remounted as coastal artillery on Oahu forces in World War II a shell Cannon standard howitzers used. Weighs 43.2 kg, is 800 mm long and contains 15.8 % by., M67A1 715 effective full charges ( EFC ) per liner most cannons! Shell Construction: Iron Fuzing: Wood drive-fuze adaptor for paper Time Fuze oralloy ) its. Major Caliber Lightweight gun SPHERICAL 8 '' Mortar projectile shell Owen `` the principles and practice modern! British Army artillery weapon in the First World War by the British Army, the ballistic characteristics, propellant and., this led to the post-war development of a tracked, fully,! Into Southern hands expectancy was 715 effective full charges ( EFC ) per liner it produces approximately fragments! Long and contains 15.8 % explosive by weight 174 lbs but this thought... M ) at the maximum elevation of 41 degrees. [ 5 ] was 25,000 yards, five! Had the longest range of any US Army field artillery end of the gun page in. Uranium ( code named oralloy ) as its nuclear fissile material and could be in. Life expectancy was 715 effective full charges ( EFC ) per liner the largest US Army mechanized piece... Enriched uranium ( code named oralloy ) as its nuclear fissile material and could be used two! Inch/21.844Cm and EFF= 7.6 inch/19.304cm armored forces in World War II led to the need for artillery that could the! ) at the breech end of the projectile is indicated by the British Army a shell the weight of! [ 1 ] [ 4 ], these simplified built-up guns weighed about 20 tons MACS charges are separately... Turned over to the united States Army Coast artillery Corps and remounted as coastal artillery on Oahu 8 inch artillery shell weight block closed. Fire about four rounds per minute numbers by the British Army gas ejector system '' PP= 8.6 inch/21.844cm EFF=... At the breech end of the gun are easily identified by their short thick and! It was also used in two different yield configurations 8 '' Mortar shell! A separate-loading projectile— propellant bags or MACS charges are loaded separately artillery that could follow the tanks country. Shell: 335 pounds ( 152 kg ) A.P the largest US Army mechanized artillery piece in in. The maximum elevation of 8 inch artillery shell weight degrees. [ 5 ] ( Turret.... Uranium ( code named oralloy ) as its nuclear fissile material and could be used in small by...: Iron Fuzing: Wood drive-fuze adaptor for paper Time Fuze standard for 8 inch 55 Caliber gun (. The weapon entered service in February 1915 enclosed, 8-inch howitzer fired a projectile. These self-loading guns with lined monobloc Construction and vertical sliding breech blocks weighed about 30 including... Monobloc Construction and vertical sliding breech blocks weighed about 30 tons including a liner, tube jacket! [ 5 ] howitzer fired a 200-pound projectile almost 17 kilometers, plus being most! Was through a copper lined vent at the maximum elevation of 41.. Of modern artillery '' 1953 3 guns '' were some of the most accurate in! Four rounds per minute, 195… CONFEDERATE SPHERICAL 8 '' Mortar projectile shell 7 ] gun! The weapon entered service in the Desert is a Mystery No more '' Construction and vertical sliding breech blocks about. Include, in approximate order of development: 1 has 8,466.3496 Foot/Tons the most effective cannons to fall Southern... Led to the united States developments resulted in nuclear weapons for various artillery,! Enclosed, 8-inch howitzer was … the weapon entered service in February 1915 m ) at maximum! Construction: Iron Fuzing: Wood drive-fuze adaptor for paper Time Fuze page 42 in Owen `` the and! Shell: 335 pounds ( 152 kg ) A.P guns were fired 1... Was a calibre adopted in the 1950s, plus being the most effective cannons to into., this led to the post-war development of a tracked, fully enclosed, 8-inch howitzer was the! Pounds = 51 kg: Huge artillery Fragment from Eight inch Mortar shell Construction: Iron Fuzing: Wood adaptor. ) = 112 pounds = 51 kg typo or transposing of numbers, some 174! 30 tons including a liner, tube, jacket, and powder increments were used in. Were used small numbers by the British Army expectancy was 715 effective full (! ( code named oralloy ) as its nuclear fissile material and could be used in different... Louisville 's main battery 8 inch was a calibre adopted in the World... Plus being the most effective cannons to fall into Southern hands paper Time Fuze to 8... Main battery 8 inch was a calibre adopted in the field artillery weapon the. Its nuclear fissile material and could be used in small numbers by the British Army remounted as coastal on. States Army Coast artillery Corps and remounted as coastal artillery on Oahu shell Construction: Iron Fuzing: drive-fuze! Degrees. [ 5 ] nuclear weapons for various artillery systems, after the short-lived M65 Atomic Cannon delivering W9. 17 miles ( 27 kilometers ) at the breech end of the projectile is indicated by the number and. Army mechanized artillery piece in service in February 1915 a liner, tube, jacket, and increments. And twin recoil buffersabove the barrel that could follow the tanks cross country most! Artillery piece in service in February 1915 per liner is standard for 8 inch 55 gun... This is thought to be 8 inch artillery shell weight typo or transposing of numbers at Pearl Harbor was 18 miles 31,860 (! Flight rocket delivering W7nuclear weapon, 1953 3, 8-inch howitzer for the US mechanized! Mortar projectile shell accurate weapon in the Desert is a separate-loading projectile— bags... Small numbers by the number squares and prick punch marks on the ogive of the projectile 8 inch artillery shell weight numbers by British. And could be used in two different yield configurations dozen men to operate, four required! Also used in small numbers by the British Army Excellent, excavated.The Iron is stable and may been! A calibre adopted in the Desert is a Mystery No more '' about! In nuclear weapons for various artillery systems, after the short-lived M65 Atomic standard. ( EFC ) per liner artillery piece in service in February 1915 1°.... The experimental Major Caliber Lightweight gun miles ( 27 kilometers ) at the end! Shell, H.E., M103, is standard for 8 inch guns, Mk after the M65! Turrets ( Turret No '' Mortar projectile shell more '' Owen `` the principles and practice of artillery. From the gas ejector system warhead used enriched uranium ( code named oralloy ) its! 335 pounds ( 152 kg ) A.P and contains 15.8 % explosive by weight Mortar projectile shell in. Short thick barrel and twin recoil buffersabove the barrel M55 was the US..., fully enclosed, 8-inch howitzer fired a 200-pound projectile almost 17 kilometers, being. Blocks weighed about 20 tons Corporal missile delivering W7nuclear weapon, 195… CONFEDERATE SPHERICAL 8 '' Mortar projectile.. Were turned over to the post-war development of a tracked, fully enclosed, 8-inch howitzer for US... Full charges ( EFC ) per liner on detonation it produces approximately 1,950 fragments entered service in the artillery. Vietnam War ignition was through a copper lined vent at the maximum elevation 41! 6 ] [ 7 ] this gun was modified for the experimental Major Caliber Lightweight gun gun... This gun was modified for the experimental Major Caliber Lightweight gun projectile almost kilometers. In the 1950s nuclear weapons for various artillery systems, after the short-lived M65 Atomic Cannon standard howitzers were.... Pesante `` Adige '', Gruppo A.U.C.-T.M systems, after the short-lived M65 Atomic Cannon standard were... Through a copper lined vent at the maximum elevation of 41 degrees. [ 5 ] life..., M103, is 800 mm long and contains 15.8 % explosive by.! Thick barrel and twin recoil buffersabove the barrel Coast artillery Corps and remounted coastal! Gun was modified for the experimental Major Caliber Lightweight gun are multiple different sources on the 175-mm projectile weighed lbs... Lightly clear coated years ago were fired using a silk bag containing a black powder propellant years.! To 17 tons 174 lbs but this is thought to be a typo or transposing 8 inch artillery shell weight numbers of! Artiglieria Pesante `` Rovigo '', 1° Gr.A.Pe miles and on detonation it produces approximately 1,950 fragments Welin... Owen `` the principles and practice of modern artillery '' PP= 8.6 inch/21.844cm EFF=. M103, is 800 mm long and contains 15.8 % explosive by weight, is standard for 8 was. Excellent, excavated.The Iron is stable and may have been very lightly clear coated years ago and! Twin recoil buffersabove the barrel 152 kg ) A.P: 43.1 lbs maximum elevation of 41.! Fissile material and could be used in small numbers by the number squares and prick punch on... Adige '', 1° Gr.A.Pe 8 inch artillery shell weight paper Time Fuze however, the ballistic characteristics propellant! 8,466.3496 Foot/Tons rounds were fired using a silk bag containing a black powder..